Ambipolar Graphene-Quantum Dot Phototransistors with CMOS Compatibility
Author(s): Zheng, L (Zheng, Li); Zhou, WJ (Zhou, Wenjia); Ning, ZJ (Ning, Zhijun); Wang, G (Wang, Gang); Cheng, XH (Cheng, Xinhong); Hu, WD (Hu, Weida); Zhou, W (Zhou, Wen); Liu, ZD (Liu, Zhiduo); Yang, SW (Yang, Siwei); Xu, KM (Xu, Kaimin); Luo, M (Luo, Man); Yu, YH (Yu, Yuehui)
Source: ADVANCED OPTICAL MATERIALS Volume: 6 Issue: 23 Article Number: 1800985 DOI: 10.1002/adom.201800985 Published: DEC 3 2018
Abstract: The hybridization of 2D materials and colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) has been demonstrated to be an ideal platform for infrared photodetectors due to the high mobility of 2D materials and the excellent light harvesting capability of CQDs. However, the realization of ambipolar, broadband, and room-temperature graphene-quantum dot phototransistors with complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) compatibility remains challenging. Here N, S codecorated graphene is deposited with PbS CQDs to fabricate a hybrid phototransistor on a silicon dioxide/silicon gate. The resulting device demonstrates a gate-tuneable ambipolar feature with a low gate bias of less than 3.3 V at room temperature in ambient. Broadband spectra from visible to near-infrared and to short wave infrared (SWIR) light can be detected with gain value of up to 10(5) and a fast response of 3 ms. Upon illumination by SWIR light at 1550 nm, the phototransistor exhibits an ultrahigh responsivity that is on the order of 10(4) AW(-1) and a specific detectivity that is on the order of 10(12) Jones with a low driving voltage of 1 V. This decorated hybrid architecture illustrates the potential of graphene and CQDs to be integrated with silicon integrated circuits and opens a new path toward ambipolar photodetector fabrication.